Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is a rural development program broadly focusing upon the development in the villages which includes social development, cultural development and spread motivation among the people on social mobilization of the village community. The program was launched by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on the birth anniversary of Jayaprakash Narayan, on 11 October 2014.
- Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.
- The first Adarsh Gram must be developed by 2016, and two more by 2019. From 2019 to 2024, five more Adarsh Grams must be developed by each MP, one each year. This implies that a total of 6,433 Adarsh Grams, of the 2, 65,000 gram panchayats, will be created by 2024.
- Each District Collector has nominated a Charge Officer of sufficient seniority to coordinate the implementation at the local level who will be fully responsible and accountable for the implementation. Ministry of Rural Development organized training program for 653 Charge Officers at 9 regional locations across India. Key features of the Yojana are outlined below.
Main objectives of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
- To trigger processes which lead to holistic development of the identified Gram Panchayats
- To substantially improve the standard of living and quality of life of all sections of the population through –
- Improved basic amenities
- Higher productivity
- Enhanced human development
- Better livelihood opportunities
- Reduced disparities
- Access to rights and entitlements
- Wider social mobilization
- Enriched social capital
- To generate models of local level development and effective local governance which can motivate and inspire neighbouring Gram Panchayats to learn and adapt
- To nurture the identified Adarsh Grams as schools of local development to train other Gram Panchayats
Approach of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
In order to achieve these objectives, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) would be guided by the following approach:
- Leveraging the leadership, capacity, commitment and energy of the Members of Parliament (MP) to develop model Gram Panchayats.
- Engaging with and mobilizing the community for participatory local level development.
- Converging different government programs and private and voluntary initiatives to achieve comprehensive development in tune with people’s aspirations and local potential.
- Building partnerships with voluntary organizations, co-operatives and academic and research institutions.
- Focusing on outcomes and sustainability
The Plan of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was initiated to bring the Member of Parliament of all the political parties under the same umbrella while taking the responsibility of developing physical and institutional infrastructure in villages and turn them into model villages. Under this scheme, each Member of Parliament needs to choose one village each from the constituency that they represent, except their own village or their in-laws village and fix parameters and make it a model village by 2016.
Thereafter, they can take on two or three more villages and do the same by the time the next general elections come along in 2019, and thereafter, set themselves ten-year-long village or rural improvement projects. Villages will be offered smart schools, universal access to basic health facilities and Pucca housing to homeless villagers.
Implementation of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)
A Village Development Plan must be created for each Adarsh Gram. While each village will develop a list of activities to be carried out, based on its own resources and requirements, possible activities have been listed in the guidelines for the scheme. For example, Adarsh Grams can work towards providing universal access to basic healthcare facilities, promoting diversified livelihoods through agriculture related livelihoods and skill development, providing pension for all eligible families, housing for all, and promoting social forestry.
The table below outlines key functionaries at the national, state, district, and village level and their responsibilities.
Table 1: Roles and responsibilities of key functionaries
|Level||Functionary||Key roles and responsibilities|
|National||Member of Parliament||· Identify the Adarsh Gram|
· Facilitate the planning process
· Mobilize additional funds
· Monitor the scheme
|Two committees, headed by the Minister of Rural Development, and Secretary, Rural Development, respectively.*||· Monitor the process of identification and planning|
· Review the implementation of the scheme
· Identify bottlenecks in the scheme
· Issue operational guidelines
· Indicate specific resource support which each Ministry can provide
|State||A committee headed by the Chief Secretary||· Supplement central guidelines for the scheme|
· Review Village Development Plans
· Review implementation
· Outline monitoring mechanisms
· Design a grievance redressed mechanism for the scheme
|District||District Collector||· Conduct the baseline survey|
· Facilitate the preparation of the Village Development Plan
· Converge relevant schemes
· Ensure grievance redressed
· Monthly progress review of the scheme
|Village||Gram Panchayat and functionaries of schemes (at various levels)||· Implement of the scheme|
· Identify common needs of the village
· Leverage resources from various programs
· Ensure participation in the scheme
Note: *These committees will include members from other Ministries.
For More Information about Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY), please visit the links below.