National Rurban Mission (NRuM), Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission Details
National Rurban Mission (NRuM) aims at development of a cluster of villages that preserve and nurture the essence of the rural community life with focus on equity and inclusiveness without compromising with the facilities perceived to be essentially urban in nature, thus creating a cluster of ‘Rurban villages’.
As per Census of India statistics, the rural population in India stands at 833 million, constituting almost 68% of the total population. Further, the rural population has shown a growth of 12% during the 2001-2011 period and there has been an increase in the absolute number of villages by 2279 units, during the same period.
Vision of National Rurban Mission
National Rurban Mission (NRuM) follows the vision:
“Development of a cluster of villages that preserve and nurture the essence of rural community life with focus on equity and inclusiveness without compromising with the facilities perceived to be essentially urban in nature, thus creating a cluster of “Rurban Villages”.
Objective of National Rurban Mission
The objective of the National Rurban Mission (NRuM) is to stimulate local economic development, enhance basic services, and create well planned Rurban clusters.
Outcomes of National Rurban Mission
The larger outcomes envisaged under this Mission are:
- Bridging the rural-urban divide-viz: economic, technological and those related to facilities and services
- Stimulating local economic development with emphasis on reduction of poverty and unemployment in rural areas
- Spreading development in the region
- Attracting investment in rural areas
Goals of National Rurban Mission
The Rurban clusters would be developed by provisioning of training linked to economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and by providing necessary infrastructure amenities.
The following components are envisaged as desirable in each cluster:
- Skill development training linked to economic activities
- Agro Processing, Agri Services, Storage and Warehousing
- Fully equipped mobile health unit
- Upgrading school/ higher education facilities
- Provision of piped water supply
- Solid and liquid waste management
- Village streets and drains
- Street lights
- Inter-village road connectivity
- Public transport
- LPG gas connections
- Digital literacy
- Citizen Service Centres (CSC) – for electronic delivery of citizen centric services/e-gram connectivity.