Chennai Master Plan 2026 has been created for Chennai District. Chennai is a capital city located in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu. It is the fourth largest Metropolitan City in India. The Chennai Metropolitan Area (CMA) comprises the city of Chennai and its outlying urban and rural areas. The outlying area consists of one cantonment, 4 townships, 16 Municipalities, 20 Special Village Panchayats and 213 Village Panchayats in 10 Panchayat Unions. The Chennai City area now covers 181.06 Square Kilometers.
The CMA consists of the Metropolitan city of Chennai (Madras) and its suburbs located in Kanchipuram district, Thiruvallur district and Arakkonam Taluk of Vellore District. The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is the nodal agency that handles town planning and development within the metro area. The road network is primarily based on the Four National Highways, leading to Calcutta (NH-5), Bangalore (NH-4), Thiruvallur (NH-205) and Trichy (NH-45). The commuter rail system in CMA operated by the Southern Railways consists of 3 lines:
- Chennai Beach-Tambaram B.G. line running south-west
- Chennai Central- Thiruvallur B.G. line running west
- Chennai Central- Gummidipoondi B.G. line running north
Chennai has a national air terminal viz. Kamarajar Domestic Terminal and an international terminal viz. Anna International Terminal located at Meenambakkam. The total population of Chennai is 4,646,732. Males constitute 50.26% of the total population while females constitute 49.73% of the total population. The latitude of Chennai is 13.067439 and the longitude is 80.237617. It is located between the 13° 4′ 2.7804” N and 80° 14′ 15.4212” E.
Vision of Chennai Master Plan 2026
The Vision for Chennai in the next 20 years is to develop it as a Prime Metropolis, which will be:
- Delivery of equitable services
- Economically vibrant, and
- Environmentally sustainable, and with
- Better assets for the future generations.
Objectives of Chennai Master Plan 2026
The objective of the Chennai Master Plan 2026 is to create enabling spatial and land use planning framework to achieve the Vision of Chennai Master Plan 2026 in order to promote, guide and rationalize. The future growth and development of the urban centres, it will be critical to define their growth framework The future growth framework of the urban centres are defined by the Master Plan/Development Plans which are evolved for each settlement at individual level. Chennai Master Plan 2026 has been considered as one of the most effective mechanism to promote planned growth of the urban centres. It lays down the road map, agenda and framework within which the city growth is envisioned. It provides a tool for the authorities to take decision with regard to current and future development related issues.
Chennai Master Plan 2026 provides the framework for rationalizing the orderly movement of traffic and transportation within the city and defines the area for laying down net-work of various services. The plan is used for promoting integrated development of the urban centre by rationalizing its pattern of land use and their interrelationship. It also defines the strategies and solutions for overcoming the existing problems of the urban centres and to overcome its infrastructural and service related inadequacies. In addition, it provides options for accommodating the future addition to population which is likely to come to the urban centre due to natural growth and migration. Master Plan acts as a tool for determining the infrastructure cost which would be required to make the city sustainable. The plans offer futuristic solutions by laying down agenda for its growth and development.
Development Goals of Chennai Master Plan 2026
- Socially beneficial
- Regionally connected
- Environmentally sustainable
- Financially Viable
- Institutionally Executable and;
- Politically acceptable